Many people prune fruit trees to make them more productive but all trees can benefit from a good pruning. Tree pruning improves the health of your trees, removing weak and broken branches, giving them the ability to resist disease, insects, and other health issues.

 

Weak branches

As a tree grows, it relies on a process called photosynthesis to provide the nourishment that it needs. As you may recall from your science class, photosynthesis occurs when the tree absorbs sunlight and then turns it into energy for growth. The tree then gives off carbohydrates and oxygen, but sometimes, a few of the branches cannot produce these carbohydrates. As a result, they die. In the wild, trees naturally shed these branches through the weather, birds, and other forces. Domestic trees, however, may not have these same elements in play, or the dying branches may pose a safety risk to humans. In this situation, tree pruning is an effective method in removing branches that are dead or that are slowly dying.

Decreasing the risk of wounds

Dead branches will eventually fall off, but they can leave large wounds on the tree, exposing the soft wood underneath. This kind of environment is extremely attractive to microorganisms and before long you have a tree that is suffering from decay. The decay will eventually weaken the tree’s branch and even the trunk, creating a dangerous situation for the tree and for you. Tree pruning that is done correctly eliminates the risk of such wounds, protecting the tree against bacteria.

Improving strength

When a tree has weak or broken branches, it wastes a lot of resources and energy in trying to feed those branches, taking valuable nutrients away from other, healthier branches. Removing those branches eliminates this and sends the nutrients to the right place. A stronger tree can resist wind storms, snow, ice, and other natural elements.

Encourages foliage

Everyone loves a beautiful tree with plentiful foliage and tree pruning encourages foliage growth. This is why trees that have been pruned often have a greater abundance of leaves, flowers, and fruits than trees left on their own.